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Addiction Medications

How Medications Can Help Addiction Treatment


During the detox, some people need to be given medications to counter or reduce the intensity of the withdrawal symptoms they experience which could cause them to go back to using drugs again. Using additional medication can help the patient stay sober. When the withdrawal side effects are too much then sometimes users surrender and stop taking medications and relapse. In many inpatient and outpatient treatment centres, medications are part of the addiction treatment program. In order to provide the best possibility of accomplishing sobriety, doctors might adapt medication doses during the progress of treatment.


Some medicines give the same feeling as the drug of abuse thus helping one cope with the withdrawal.


Detox And Drug Withdrawal

At the start of the program, the body goes through a process to remove the drugs from the system. This is cleansing or detox. It depends on the drug that how last the detox will be, for some days or some weeks.

The detox period is made difficult by the withdrawal symptoms that result from denying the body the drug it has become accustomed to. The intensity of withdrawal symptoms differs according to the history of drug abuse. The ones that were using opiates in high dosages for a long-term have the worst side effects.


The Former addicts face some irritating side effects during detox. Symptoms include:

  • Feeling anxious
  • Intense sadness
  • Feeling Nauseous
  • Convulsive attack
  • Body pains
  • Excessive perspiration

Each type of a withdrawal symptom has a different treatment medicine. The medicines which are given by doctors in detox are:

  • Benzodiazepines
  • For stress and irritability reduction.
  • One of the common side effect of withdrawal from drugs is Anxiety.
  • Benzos have tranquilizing symptoms, which helps comforting alcohol withdrawals.
  • This drug is also addictive so is prescribed with caution.
  • Antidepressants
  • A brain that has been addicted to drugs is not able to produce the chemicals that give pleasant feelings on its own.
  • Since they have depended on drugs to keep them satisfied for a long-term, people in detoxification frequently pass through depression.
  • To avoid such feelings till the time the brain itself starts producing happiness-inducing chemicals, Zoloft and Prozac (antidepressants) should be used.
  • Clonidine
  • Clonidine can reduce anxiousness, muscle aches, sweating and cramps and is used to treat withdrawal from opioids and alcohol.
  • Clonidine is useful for controlling shivering and convulsions.

People recovering from alcohol, Valium or Xanax addiction should never try to quit on their own since detoxing from alcohol or benzodiazepines can lead to death. Complications can arise while detoxing from other drugs although the withdrawal symptoms are rarely deadly. Medical assistance guarantees protection and accomplishment in detoxification.

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Medicines For Alcohol Addiction

The period of withdrawal signs range from several weeks to months depending on the extended time of abusing alcohol regularly. This event is known as post-acute or prolonged withdrawal syndrome (PAWS).

With treatments such as maintenance therapy, the PAWS can be relieved as well as the cravings and they may also make the user unable to stomach alcohol. In most cases the patient has to take these drugs every day and they come in form of pills.


Alcohol addiction medication includes:

  • Naltrexone (Vivitrol)
  • Naltrexone is a drug that blocks the brain receptors that produce the pleasurable effects of alcohol.
  • It stops the urge to take alcohol.
  • Naltrexone might provoke some sickness in stomach or headaches.
  • Naltrexone is administered every four weeks via injection.
  • Acamprosate (Campral)
  • This medicine alleviates emotional and physical pain resulted by alcohol addiction.
  • Once alcohol detox is complete the patient can begin to take Acamprosate.
  • The craving for alcohol is reduced by Acamprosate since it holds back feelings such as depression and anxiousness.
  • Disulfiram (Antabuse)
  • Disulfiram was the primary medicine authorized for alcoholism.
  • Side effects like vomiting are likely to occur if a person taking Disulfiram takes alcohol.
  • This medication has been very successful as it deters alcoholics from drinking.

Find out more details about liquor addiction treatment.


Medication For Treating Opiate Addiction

Heroin, Morphine and sedative painkillers such as Oxycontin are included in Opiates. The cravings and withdrawal symptoms of recovering from opiate addiction can be eased by some medications. These medicines are frequently given in capsules form on a daily routine.

There withdrawal times are less than a week. Long- term withdrawal symptoms can be experienced by some people. In some circumstances, the withdrawal side effects may last for months or years. PAWS and cravings can be stopped by long-term medications. Medication can be taken for as long as is required by the patient.

For Heroin and painkillers these are some medicines:

  • Methadone
  • Methadone is for normal to high Opiate addictions.
  • Methadone never get the addicts high and attaches to the similar receptors in the brain for working.
  • This drug suppressing the craving and withdrawal symptoms.
  • People become addict of Methadone in place of Heroin and painkillers if it is not use carefully.
  • It also prevents abuse so it is dispensed daily by clinics..
  • Find out more information about Methadone.
  • Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
  • Buprenorphine works in the same way as Methadone, however it is little monitored since the addiction potential is inferior.
  • For Buprenorphine it is not necessary to go clinic and get it regularly, the patient can also take it at home.
  • Naltrexone
  • The effect of Naltrexone on opiate addiction is the same as its effect on alcohol addiction.
  • It prevents the cravings for use.
  • Some of the brain receptors activated by alcohol and opiates are the same and this is why this drug works for both addictions.

Detoxing And Rehab

Drug addicts when they want to stop addiction sometimes will choose to detox without medical supervision. Compared to medical detoxification, this has not only proven harder but also dangerous. Medical detoxification is the ideal method to accomplish sobriety in a secure and comfortable atmosphere. Medical detoxification is necessary for people dependent on alcohol or Benzodiazepines.

A monitored detox is the primary stage to treat any kind of addiction.

Health problems can be dealt with quickly when in a rehab centre. Fluids levels, temperature, heart and breathing rate checked by doctors. The doctors keep the patient comfortable. Another advantage is that doctors will adjust dosages as the patient response dictates and can advise on long-term treatment schedules.

The ones with different health problems should also look for a medical detoxification. Blood pressure can be problematic during detox. Any sudden complications can be handled by a doctor.

Inpatient rehab often includes detox. Residential rehabilitation can last for between 30 and 90 days in many cases. In treatment, the first week usually involves detoxification during which the patient must be closely monitored. To improve the odds of recovering successfully, rehabilitation usually includes treatments such as behavioural therapy.

Find a rehabilitation with medical detoxification today for you or someone you care about that needs assistance to accomplish sobriety call 0800 246 1509.